Why is the planning of experiments important for scientific study?
Since its inception, science has sought ways to understand the laws of the surrounding world. Making one discovery after another, scientists erase the frontier of the unknown and cross the new frontiers of science. This path goes through experiences.
The most important component of scientific research is experimentation. Its basis is scientifically established and accurately considered experience. The main purpose of the experiment is to identify the properties of the studied objects, to test the validity of the hypotheses and, on this basis, to conduct a broad and deep study of scientific research.
The organization and planning of experimental research is an important part of the activities of scientists, engineers and technologists. Experiments are carried out in various fields of science and technology: physics and chemistry, biology and medicine, radio and electronic engineering, automation and computer science, in the problems of organization of production and feasibility studies.
The planning of experiments formulates techniques and methods for the optimal organization of experimentation in the study of objects of a very different physical nature. The application of methods and techniques makes it possible to effectively solve many important research problems in practice: construction of models of objects and phenomena based on experimental data, process optimization, testing of various hypotheses on their properties, etc. The effectiveness of these methods is demonstrated in numerous examples. of their use.
What is a science experiment?
What happens in a science experiment? To experiment with a scientific activity, a researcher must correctly designate several parameters:
- Purpose (what he intends to study);
- Subject (specify the limits of the scientific field of knowledge, to what extent, the subject, and its components);
- Duration (how long does it take to get a result or achieve a targeted goal);
- Tools and other basics (materials, technique, methods, conditions, etc.).
A scientific experiment should thoroughly investigate how the laws, theories, and other rules of life work. It is important to collect all the necessary data, create conditions for its implementation and quickly record the results obtained.
What is experience planning?
A work plan for the implementation of the experiment is established in order to rationalize the main stages of a scientific study according to the research program. It is necessary to build a logical sequence of work to achieve the achievement of the objective and the solution of the scientific problem within the time allowed. As academic experts at WriteMyPaperHub (one of websites that write research articles for you) advise , it is necessary to highlight the main thing in planning the experiment. You need to focus on that for now, but at the same time, you shouldn’t lose sight of the details.
The plan and sequence of actions depends on the type, purpose and goals of scientific research, but, in general, the scheme of scientific research is as follows:
- Step 1. Choose a research topic and formulate a hypothesis. Experimentation is designed to answer a specific question or test a certain statement, rule, hypothesis, etc. Therefore, the research topic should reflect the essence of all activities: what is being studied and why?
- 2nd step. Next, the experimenter must determine the object of study (what you will study, what reaction you will get, etc.) and the variables (tools, materials or other resources you will use during the experiment).
- Step 3. Data gathering. Choosing an appropriate methodology and determining an action plan is important: a collection of ready-made data, information, experimentation, etc. At the same time, it should be clarified here: when and where to collect the data, what information is needed, which method will be the most reliable, etc.
- Step 4. Planning of experiments. At this stage, the author draws up an action plan: what, how, when, in what time frame, etc. The quality of the result may depend on the precision of the plan and its follow-up.
- Step 5. Analysis of the data received. At this stage, the results of scientific experiments are systematized, analyzed and formulated conclusions. They will become the basis for forecasting and developing recommendations in the future.
- Step 6. Formulation of scientific work. The results of the experiment can form the basis of a large-scale project (monographs, theses) and taken up in a small but important project (scientific article). In this case, the researcher must follow the current standards and requirements of the publisher when describing and designing the material.
The characteristics of an experimental design described above apply in whole or in part to any scientific experiment. So, first of all, the subject of scientific research is formulated. The reasons for its development are justified. After a preliminary acquaintance with the literature and materials of previous studies, it becomes clear to what extent the questions of the subject have been studied and what results have been obtained.
The scientific study plan meets certain requirements:
- Certainty of concepts;
In addition to competent planning, it is very important to conduct a study (experiment) and formalize its results so that it is adequately perceived by other researchers and, if necessary, can be repeated, and the priority of a given researcher or laboratory can be confirmed. Therefore, after the theoretical planning, the preanalytical phase begins. The selection of methods for the experiment takes place, the required number of measurements and the number of experimental groups are determined, and the necessary equipment, chemicals and utensils are prepared.
It will be easier to get proper scientific results with the right plan. The main thing is to carefully paint each stage, then everything will be fine.
“Impossible to type with boxing gloves. Freelance organizer. Passionate analyst. Friendly troublemaker. Addicted to bacon.