Particle physics experiments

Watch: Growing plants without soil and other experiments astronauts will do in space, Science News

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has informed that the installation of the Cygnus spacecraft on the International Space Station (ISS) is now complete. The live stream of the same was also available.

US space agency NASA has announced that the Cygnus spacecraft, built by Northrop Grumman, launched atop an Antares rocket at 12:40 p.m. EST on Saturday February 19 from its Wallops Flight Facility in Virginia.

At around 4:44 a.m., NASA astronauts Raja Chari and Kayla Barron captured Cygnus, which carried more than 3.7 tons of research, equipment and scientific experiments to the ISS.

READ ALSO | “Breakthrough in physics”: artificial intelligence successfully controls plasma in nuclear fusion experiment

NASA mentioned key areas of research on the space station that are facilitated by this mission, as a study will be performed that will examine the effects of a drug on breast and prostate cancer cells.

One of the most highlighted aspects of the mission is to test hydroponic and aeroponic techniques for plant growth. It will allow scientists to observe root growth using video and still images.

Apart from this, a Colgate-Palmolive survey will also be conducted to understand the acceleration of skin aging in microgravity.

READ ALSO | Raw Vegetables Alone Can’t Protect You From Heart Disease

The mission also includes a new combustion facility, testing new hydrogen sensors for the space station’s oxygen generation system.

Astronauts will also analyze whether the demonstration lithium-ion secondary battery is capable of safe and stable operation in extreme temperatures and in a vacuum environment.

NASA said Cygnus will remain on the space station until May before deploying CubeSats.

After that, it will dump several thousand pounds of waste on its re-entry into Earth’s atmosphere, leading to its destruction.